Doctors do their best to limit the effects of surgery by striking a balance between removing all of the cancer and taking out as little healthy body tissue as possible.Younger children, whose bodies are still actively growing, may be more affected by some operations than older children who are already at or near their full body size.Surgery is an important part of treatment for many cancers.As with other types of treatment, the possible long-term effects of surgery depend on a number of different factors.
Late effects, on the other hand, may happen many years later. This means that many different kinds of healthy, normal cells are dividing faster than they would be in an adult.
Below are some of the more common possible late effects of cancer treatment.
This is by no means a complete list, as other late effects can occur as well.
Normal brain cells grow quickly in the first few years of life, making them very sensitive to radiation.
Doctors try to avoid using radiation therapy to the head or to postpone it in children younger than 3 years old to limit damage that might affect brain development.